The final version of the Unlicensed Electricity Generation Regulation, which has been renewed several times, was put into force in October 2013 and the necessary legislative infrastructure was completed for the establishment of small-scale electricity generation facilities based on renewable energy sources. After the Regulation, unlicensed Solar Power Plants (GES) applications in high numbers were made in almost all of Anatolia’s southern strip with more solar power plants, especially in Meram Region.
Solar energy investors realize from the very first moment that GES project development is almost the same as the land development business. Unlike licensed projects, the lack of expropriation in unlicensed projects necessitates the large amount of land needs required for GES projects to be solved by themselves. However, the land structure that are divided into small parcels, multi-partnership and court-martial due to many disputes; makes the provision of the necessary land difficult. At this point, opening of treasury lands to unlicensed projects was an importan advance for GES investors. The Ministry of Finance with National Real Estate Communique, Row No:362, has opened the way for the lease of treasury lands to unlicensed projects up to 30 years. In particular, it is very important to give the land incentivisation provided to licensed projects to the unlicensed projects with this communique. Through this incentivisation, %85 discount will make in the amount of easement or occupancy permit of the lands that are allocated to unlicensed electrical production plants. At the end of the rental period and takes part in the Communique, provision which governs the transfer to the treasury in such a way that the efficiencies will not be less than 80%, creates uncertainty in terms of investors. 30 years after plant efficiency is taken into operation, it creates a debate on how to keep plant efficiency at an 80% level. This condition needs to be removed, considering that investors will operate the facilities with the best possible efficiency that they have established.
Another important issue is that the provincial directorates and other relevant authorities of the relevant administration, implement the necessary sub-legislations and practices in order to ensure that the Communique can be put into practice smoothly. There are still officials who do not know the special situation of unlicensed persons and who say that Public Interest should be taken from the EPDK for the allocation of treasury land to electricity generation projects.
At a time when half of our electricity needs are covered by natural gas and developments in our region, especially in Syria and Ukraine, significantly increase the risks of energy supply; the maximum amount of work is required for the use of renewable energy sources in electricity production. Considering that there are serious increases in drought caused by climate change, the expansion of renewable energy, especially solar, has ceased to be an option and has become a necessity. It is time to transform Turkey’s energy paradigm. Major reductions in the prices of renewable energy equipment in recent years make this transformation more possible than ever. In energy, the solution is not only large power plants; we will be amazed at how big capacity of thousands of small electrical power plants can reach in the near future such as panels that will be installed on land and roofs unsuitable for agriculture, wind turbines, biogas facilities that will be installed on farms. All we have to do is accelerate this transformation with cooperation.