The conference of 20th Parties in Lima, capital of Peru, enden with the “Lima Call for Climate Action” that is a result declaration towards the convention on the distribution of carbon loads to countries (Paris COP 21) for limiting global temperature with 2 0C.
The conference did not go beyond repeating the main topics on the 2015 global climate convention (Paris COP21) and the individual contributions of countries that was started to discuss in Durban parties conference (COP17) which was held in 2011 and Warsaw parties conference (COP19) which was held in 2013.
The issue highlighted in the Lima call final declaration is the transmition of “Intended Nationally Determined Contribution – INDC” to United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change (UNFCCC) of all countries until 1st of October 2015, regardless of the division of developed and developing countries for preparation of the next conference of the parties (COP 21, Paris). What meaned with National Contribution is the determination of targets for carbon abatements. These targets can also be associated with national mitigation activities or low carbon growth targets.
National contributions are expected from all parties in 2015. These contributions that will be published by the United Nations should be transparent and comparable, in other words, it should reflect a fair burden sharing on a scale of differentiated responsibilities. There is no mechanism for inspection and review of contributions, in other words what to do for the carbon abatement target remains the conscience of every country. But doing nothing and waiting around your corner can cause you to see international pressure.
What does Turkey do in such a framework? What kind of way is there in front of Turkey? Since there is no explanation for Turkey’s contribution to global carbon abatement from the Minister of Environment and Urbanisation Mr. İdris Güllüce, who participated in the Lima conference with his team, is wait and see policy valid for Turkey? If we reiterate, the most important issue in Lima is the National contribution targets that will be presented to the United Nations in 2015. Does Turkey have such a goal?
Turkey has taken two important steps on climate change since 1992, when it became a party to the United Nations. First of all, signing the Kyoto Protocol in 2009, the second is the publication of the regulation on monitoring greenhouse gas emissions in 2014. In our opinion, the second step is more important than the first step. Because with this regulation, sectors that cause greenhouse gas emissions in Turkey will be monitored and reported from 2015, in line with the European Emissions Trading System. This is a very important step in developing policies and strategies for climate change; but on its own, it is not enough for the national contribution that should be expressed to the United Nations by 2015, were discussed in Durban, Warsaw, Lima and for the global contract to be signed in Paris, 2015.
So, what is Turkey supposed to do?
What Turkey needs to do is to contribute to the goal of keeping the global temperature rise below 2 0C as intended at the Durban Conference (COP 17), taking national interests into account on its own scale. This contribution is not an externally imposed policy and strategy now, on the contrary is a goal that Turkey can reach by encouraging local and renewable energy in the framework of energy policy. As of the end of 2014, only 5% of the installed power of 68.845 MW, which meets the energy demand in Turkey, 0.6 %of the geothermal and 0.04% of the solar power plants are covered by wind power plants. We are still wasting, not using our local but also renewable energy resources.
Carbon abatement target or carbon abatement national contribution, coincides with renewable energy use more and the goal of more energy efficiency. So, it is necessary to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency. It is required to offer renewable energy with other fossil fuel sources by competitive opportunities and infrastructure. Turkey after this, can present the carbon abatement projection that was built, to the United Nations by stretching its chest as a contribution to the global climate struggle.